The World Health Organisation (WHO) has stated that despite free access to effective treatment, Africa has recorded 460,000 deaths from the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), with 1,300 lives lost every day. The global health body also predicted that the continent was unlikely to end AIDS as a public health threat by 2030.
However, WHO noted that the challenges notwithstanding, Africa had made significant progress against the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the past decade, reducing new infections by 43 per cent and nearly halving AIDS-related deaths. In its message to mark this year’s World AIDS Day, WHO’s Regional Director for Africa, Dr. Matshidiso Moeti said the world could not afford to lose focus on the urgent need to end the inequities that drive AIDS and other epidemics.
Matshidiso who noted that it had been 40 years since the first HIV cases were reported, expressed regret that in Africa and globally, AIDS remained a major public health concern.
‘Last year, two out of every three new HIV infections occurred in the African Region, corresponding to almost 2 500 new HIV infections every day. Sadly, AIDS claimed the lives of 460 000 people, or a shocking 1 300 every day, in spite of free access to effective treatment.
Dr. Matshidiso Moeti commented that “The challenges notwithstanding, Africa has made significant progress against HIV in the past decade, reducing new infections by 43% and nearly halving AIDS-related deaths,”
Matshidiso further said in the African region, 86 per cent of people living with HIV know their status, while 76 per cent are receiving antiretroviral therapy.
On the efforts to eliminate mother-to-child HIV transmission, Matshidiso said only 16 countries have so far been certified for eliminating mother-to-child HIV transmission, none of which had as large an epidemic. According to her, Botswana seems to be the only country in Africa that is on the home stretch to eliminating mother-to-child HIV transmission.
Matshidiso said: “Going forward, we cannot afford to lose focus on the urgent need to end the inequities that drive AIDS and other epidemics around the world. The continent as a whole is, however, unlikely to end AIDS as a public health threat by 2030, after we fell short of the expected 75 per cent reduction in new HIV infections and 81 per cent reduction in AIDS-related deaths by 2020. Despite the very high percentages of people living with HIV who know their status, and treatment rates, new HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths are not decreasing concomitantly. It remains critical for us to reach those who are fuelling the epidemic, addressing the persistent inequities in the provision of quality care and interventions. For instance, in West and Central Africa last year, key populations and their sexual partners accounted for 72 per cent of new adult HIV infections. Yet punitive laws, policies, hostile social and cultural environments, and stigma and discrimination, including in the health sector, prevent them from accessing services.”
Speaking further on the transmission rate, WHO Regional Director said within the Sub-Saharan Africa, young women were twice as likely to be living with HIV as men.
She explained that for adolescents aged 15 to19 years, three in every five new infections were among girls who don’t have access to comprehensive sexuality education, who face sexual and gender-based violence, and live with harmful gender norms.
She said infections were more among the girl because they have less access to school than their male peers. She added that COVID-19 people living with HIV appeared to be at elevated risk for virus-related illness and death.
“Nearly 70 per cent live in the WHO African Region, where only 4.5 per cent of people are fully vaccinated against COVID-19,” she said.
Matshidiso advised governments to prioritise investment in health funding for community-led, human rights-based, gender transformative responses.
She also that global solidarity and shared responsibility are critical components of the kind of rights-based approach we need if we are to end HIV/AIDS and COVID-19.
“We must boost our essential health workforce, and secure equitable access to life-saving medicines and health technologies. We must ensure that everyone, everywhere, has equal access to HIV prevention, testing, treatment, and care, including COVID-19 vaccinations and services,” she said.